Key Hill was, initially added to the Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England at Grade II in February 1996. English Heritage has subsequently undertaken a review of the grading of all 106 cemeteries on the Register and now considers Key Hill worthy of Grade II* status.
The main reasons stated for this upgrading are:
- It is a good example of an early Victorian garden cemetery (opened 1836).
- It is a good example of the work of a locally significant architect Charles Edge.
- The cemetery design makes effective use of a former quarry to produce a varied and picturesque layout with sandstone cliffs, rock-hewn paths and catacombs.
The original planting was carried out by a notable local nursery, John Pope and Sons of Handsworth; some of this planting appears to survive.
The cemetery contains a very good collection of funerary monuments reflecting the social and economic development of Birmingham in the 19th century; it also contains a group of late 19th century pauper or Guinea graves.
The Grade II* status does not entail any additional statutory controls, but it does mean that English Heritage, in addition to the Garden History Society, must be consulted over any planning applications affecting the cemetery.
There are 1600 sites on the Register of which 106 are cemeteries. The Register is divided into three grade bands to give added guidance on their significance. Of the 106 cemeteries on the Register 71 (67%) have been identified as being of a sufficiently high level of interest to merit a national designation and are designated Grade II. A further 24 (23%) are considered to be of exceptional historic interest and are awarded Grade II* status. The top 10% (11) are of international importance and are classified as Grade I.
Key Hill cemetery gates, piers, walls and railings are separately Listed as Grade II on the Statutory List of Buildings of Architectural or Historic Interest, and these gradings remain unchanged.
Further details on the Historic Parks and Gardens Register can be found at: www.english-heritage.org.uk.
(Courtesy FKWC Feb 2010)